Composition rules are rules that are used in photography to create interesting and beautiful images. The goal of most photos is to draw the viewers eye to a point of interest, while creating something visually appealing.
There are many different composition rules, but the one that is most used, and most important in my opinion, is the Rule of Thirds.
The Rule of Thirds breaks a photo down into 9 sections; three horizontal and 3 vertical and you want to position important elements along those lines, or at the points where they meet (an axis).
In the following example, I have used one-third of the photo for the houses and two-thirds for the sky. Breaking it up like this creates a more interesting shot than if it were split 50/50. You could also take this shot two-thirds houses and one-third sky.
In this example, I have used the Rule of Thirds in 2 ways:
Breaking the scene up two thirds water and one third sky
Placing the canoe and family on an axis
This rule is an essential photography technique and can be applied to any photo to improve the composition and balance, but all rules are meant to be broken sometimes, so once you’ve mastered it, you are also allowed to break it and use your creative genius and creativity however you feel inclined. :)